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By Christopher Wise

within the mid-19th century, al-Hajj Umar Taal introduced a jihad in West Africa that ceaselessly altered the process the region’s historical past. Taal was once a Tukulóor Fulani who was once born in Alwaar, Senegal in 1794 (or 1795). After taking the hajj to Mecca, he again to West Africa and confirmed Tijaniyya Sufism in the course of the zone. Taal’s jihad was once directed opposed to non-Muslim “heathen,” in particular the Bambara. It used to be additionally undertaken against French colonialism. yet, after destroying the Segu Empire of the Bambara, al-Hajj Umar turned embroiled in a bloody sectarian and inter-ethnic clash with the Massina Fulani of Hamdallahi, Mali. two decades within the making, Wise’s Archive of the Umarian Tijaniyya is a suite of eyewitness debts of Taal’s existence and jihad, translated into English for the 1st time. unique records, written by means of Sahelian, Arab, and French authors, first seemed in Pulaar Ajami, Arabic, and French. Informants contain Al Hajj Umar Taal, Muhammadu Aliu Tyam, Abdullai Ali, Aguibu Taal, Eugene Mage, Paul Soleillet, Henri Gaden, Thierno Mamadu Taal, Theirno Umar Taal, Al Hajj Seku Taal, and Muntaga Taal. two decades within the making, Wise's "archive" additionally features a long advent by way of clever that areas Taal’s jihad in old context with distinctive connection with the 2013 jihad of the Ansar Dine in Northern Mali. The ebook contains old illustrations, maps, and colour photographs.

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